List with cities, towns, and natural places from Djibouti. Source: Geonames.
Djibouti, also known as the Republic of Djibouti, is officially situated in the Horn of Africa. In local languages, the country is also called Jabuuti and Yibuuti.
A geographical overview of Djibouti
The total area of Djibouti is about 23200 km sq. Djibouti is known to be the Arabian Plate's southernmost country. The country is bordered by Ethiopia, Somaliland, the Gulf of Aden, the Red Sea, and Eritrea. While, the coastline of the country stretches 314 km with terrain consist of plains, highlands, and plateau mainly.
Even more, the country also possesses 8 mountain ranges with more than 1,000 meters of peaks. However, the highest mountain range in the country is considered Mousa Ali.
Historical overview of Djibouti
The territory was a medieval Adal and Ifat Sultanates' seat in antiquity and Eritrea, a certain part of the Land of Punt, Somaliland, and Ethiopia. While in the late 19th century French Somaliland colony was established here and following treaties signed with the French by the Dir Somali sultan.
Climate of Djibouti
The climate of Djibouti is warmer significantly. It also experiences fewer seasonal variations as compared to the average world. The average daily temperature of the country ranges between 32 and 41 °C, other than the area with high elevations. Even more, the climate of Djibouti ranges from arid to semi-arid, from the northeastern coastal region to the northern, central, southern, and western parts of Djibouti. Also, the annual rainfall of the eastern seaboard is less than 5 inches. However, precipitation in the highland ranges from 8 to 16 inches. The hinterland is less humid than Djibouti's coastal regions significantly.
Demographic of Djibouti
Djibouti is an amazingly multi-ethnic country boasting approx. 921,804 inhabitants. Arabic and French are the two official languages of the country. At the same time, Somalis and Afar are the national languages here. About 94% of the population here follows Islam as a religion. Due to this, Islam is known to be the official religion of the country.
Most importantly, it also has been a predominant religion in this region for thousands of years. The Afar and Somalis are making two major ethnic groups here. Both of these groups speak the Afroasiatic languages' Cushitic branch.
Most amazingly, Djibouti is also situated near some of the busiest shipping lanes of the world strategically. It has controlling access to both the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Therefore, it is also acting as a primary transshipment and refueling center in the region.